Assume that we will only test with valid door number and street names.

Learning Goal: I’m working on a python question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.BackgroundPlease refresh your memory of regular expressions using the class notes. You may also find the Python documentation on regular expressions useful.A few helpful reminders:Testing for PatternsWhen you use re.search to find a regular expression match, it returns a Match object if the pattern exists in the string (we will see more about objects later in the semester). If there is no match, then re.search (and re.match and re.findall) will return None, which you can test for:p = re.compile(‘pattern’)
if (p.search(s)) :
# This branch will execute if the pattern is found
else :
# this branch will execute if the pattern is *not* found
Substituting with functionsA common use of re.sub is to substitute one string for another (remember that you can use the groups that you match in a pattern as part of your string substitution):s = “loooool”
p = re.compile(‘(l)o+(l)’)
p.sub(r’1o2′, s) #replace “loooool” with “lol”
You can also call a method instead of providing a replacement string. This method will be called with the Match object corresponding to the matched string, and should return a string:def replFun(m) :
return m.group(2).upper()
s = “loooool”
p = re.compile(‘(l)(o+)(l)’)
p.sub(r’1’+replFun(m) +r’3′, s) #replace “loooool” with “lOOOOOl”
Instructions0) Set up your repositoryThe repository should contain three files:problems.py, the file in which you will fill in the functions for the problems. This also contains test code you can use to test your solutions.
test_problems.py, contains a non-exhaustive set of test cases beyond what is provided in problems.py. You can use this file to test your work
This README.
Problem 1: Regular expression matchesFill in the function problem1. This function should return True if the input string is a valid US/ Mexican phone number and False if not. We define a valid phone number (belonging to either US/Mexico) as follows:It begins with an optional country code. For the US the country code is +1 and for Mexico the country code is +52.
A number that begins with a country code must have an area code (3 digits) and 7 digits following the area code.
A number without the optional country code is valid iff (if and only if) it does not include the 3 digit area code either and only has 7 digits.
+1 (XXX) XXX-XXXX
+1 XXX-XXX-XXXX
+1 XXXXXXXXXX
+52 (XXX) XXX-XXXX
+52 XXX-XXX-XXXX
+52 XXXXXXXXXX
XXX-XXXX
ANY other format should not count as a valid phone number. Spaces before or after an otherwise valid number is considered invalid.Remember that (, ), – and . are special characters for regular expressions. To search for those characters, you need to precede them with a backslash: ( ), -, ..Because we are looking for the entire string to be a phone number, you can either use ^ and $ to force a match to be at the beginning and end of a string, or you can use fullmatch instead of match or search.Problem 2: GroupsConsider a regular expression that identifies street addresses and uses the following format:One or more digits, followed by a space.
One or more words, each starting with a capital letter and then followed by zero or more lowercase letters. This will be followed by a space.
A road type, one of “Rd.”, “Dr.”, “Ave.” or “St.”
So the following are valid street names:465 Northwestern Ave.201 South First St.22 What A Wonderful Ave.333 This Through Rd.Assume that we will only test with valid door number and street names. There will only be ‘one door number and one valid street name’ in a test case. However, there may be other words preceding or following the valid door number and street name. Please note the last test case and strictly adhere to the specifications in the address format mentioned above.We consider door numbers and street names to be valid if they satify the above mentioned rubric in problem 2. Hint: Using w or W will not solve this problem.Fill in the function problem2. This function should search an input string for any valid street address, then return just the door number and street name from that address: not the road type. So if you pass in:The EE building is at 465 Northwestern Ave.you should return:465 NorthwesternIf you pass in:Meet me at 201 South First St. at noonyou should return:201 South FirstAlso, if you pass in:123 Mayb3 Y0u 222 Did not th1nk 333 This Through Rd. Did Y0u Ave.you should return:333 This Through.(Note: Existence of any character which interferes with any upper case letter, and the upper case letter may follow by zero or more lowercase letters. After one or more digits invalidates the address name. This should indicate that you begin looking in the rest of the input)Be careful not to return extra spaces in the return value. You may need to do a little bit of extra processing of the string captured by your group to ensure this. You will receive partial credit for having spaces. Please remove extra spaces for full credit.Problem 3: SubstitutionFill in the function problem3. This function should garble addresses by returning the original address but with the street name reversed. For some of the above examples, you should return:The EE building is at 465 nretsewhtroN Ave.Meet me at 201 tsriF htuoS St. at noon(Note that the entire street name is reversed, not word by word)and, if your input is Go West on 999 West St., you should return:Go West on 999 tseW St.(Note that only the street name is reversed).Two hints:Think about creating three groups in your regular expression. One that captures the street number, one that captures the street name, and one that captures the road type. You can then use those three groups to assemble the desired output with garbled street name.
If you have a string s, s[::-1] is the reversed string.
You should feel free to write helper functions to help solve this problem.Be careful not to return extra spaces in the final output. You may need to do a little bit of extra processing of the string captured by your group to ensure this. You will receive partial credit for having unwanted spaces. Please remove extra spaces for full credit.Testing Your CodeIn test_problems.py we’ve provided a non-exhaustive series of test cases you can check your work with. Passing these tests doesn’t guarantee you full credit but failing them would certainly indicate a problem with your solutions. To run the tests, run the test_problem.py script in this directory.What to SubmitPlease submit problems.py with all the functions filled in. You do not need to remove test_problems.py. However, your work will only be evaluated based on your submission of problems.py.
Requirements: Please complete all three questions

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