Learning Goal: I’m working on a geography question and need guidance to help me learn.ASSIGNMENT: ESSAY 1Geography 101 • Spring 2022Essay 1: Uneven Geographies of Production and ConsumptionDRAFT DUE DATE: February 25th via CanvasFINAL VERSION DUE DATE: March 25th via CanvasASSIGNMENT PURPOSE & GOALSThis essay assignment has three main goals:To help you deepen your understanding of globalization by closely examining the shifting spaces of production and consumption of a commodity (its commodity chain).
To have you engage seriously with scholarly sources.
To encourage you to focus on writing as a process by submitting intermediate pieces and drafts in addition to a final draft.
INSTRUCTIONSWe have witnessed dramatic changes in the technology and food industries in recent decades. These changes have inspired dramatic and uneven shifts in where and how commodities are produced (made/grown/processed) and consumed. Meanwhile, the benefits and burdens of globalization are not equally distributed on either local or global scales: an effect of centuries of colonization. Given this, you will write a 5–6-page essay analyzing the geographic and historical shifts in production and consumption within one of the following sectors of the global economy.For your case study, focus on one branded commodity from either the High Tech or Agricultural sectors. Provide detailed analysis of at least two places along its chain of production (for example, coffee farms in Mexico or factories in which semiconductors are assembled), focusing on the ways that this place is integrated into the chain and the impact the chain has in that place. Though you will focus on one place in your paper, you must make sure to illustrate how it is part of a global commodity chain of places. For this assignment, this means there must be at least three different countries involved in the commodity chain.Finally, remember that, just like production and distribution logistics, branding is a key part of global commodity chains. When thinking about your commodity, focus on a branded object (not just an abstract object). Note: we have provided some examples of commodities from which you can choose, but you are welcome to pick one not listed, given you first okay it with your TA.Guiding questions: Why and how have the conditions you researched occurred (consider since the rise of globalization and the longer history of imperialism)? What are the implications of these shifts specifically in the place you’re researching? Who benefits and who loses out? How are these changes concentrated or constituted spatially?Sector 1: High Tech and Electronics IndustriesPossible Commodities: Semiconductors, televisions, solar panels, chemical solvents, batteries, dronesSeveral geographic features are especially significant for the high tech and electronics industries. For example, there are geographically different demands for both highly skilled labor (such as corporate managers and knowledge workers in Silicon Valley, CA), and devalued labor (workers in East Asian semiconductor assemblies). High-tech sectors often give rise to dedicated districts, such as Silicon Valley or various regions in East Asia. These industries have experienced decades of innovation, declining costs, and growth in demand. Yet, these changes have also fostered a growing unevenness regarding who benefits from tech industry.NOTE: Apple products, smartphones/tablets, and the city/special economic zone of Shenzhen are off limits for your paper since we cover these together in class. Sector 2: Agriculture and FoodPossible Commodities: Coffee, chocolate, shrimp, bananas, tea, avocadosToday’s agricultural goods are the products of highly mechanized and technologically sophisticated multi-billion-dollar industries with production and distribution chains extending across the globe. A significant trend has been the emergence of agribusiness – that is, integrated systems of food production and distribution from seeds to retail and consumption, often coordinated and managed by large corporations. Another major trend has been the emergence of biotechnology (GMOs) and of proprietary systems for managing seeds and other agricultural inputs. Results of these changes include the fact that some countries produce large amounts of crops whose populations cannot afford the products they produce, while other countries are increasingly reliant on distant sources of food.Further questions to considerWhen considering your topic and arguments and while writing your paper, it is recommended that you think through some of the following questions. Note: this does not mean you should try to answer all these questions in your paper. One or two may be more relevant to your commodity and site:Who is producing it? What regions, companies, and people? Where are parts grown or sourced?
Who is consuming it? What regions and people?
How has the geography of the process changed over time? Why has it changed? What enabled these changes? How did this process work before recent globalization trends?
Who exercises the most power along the chain? Why? How have the effects of producing and consuming this product been uneven? How are different regions, countries, and groups of people affected and why?
How is value created along the chain? Who has benefited most from creating value? Who has not? How is harm distributed along the chain?
Who (governments, international organizations, individual actors) if anyone, controls the process?
What role, if any, do international regulatory bodies (NAFTA, GATT/WTO, World Bank, etc.) play?
What are the implications of this commodity chain for producers/consumers/the environment? What processes are evident at different geographic scales?
Evaluate the changes you observe in your research. What are the long-term consequences, and what is the significance?
PAPER REQUIREMENTS The paper must be: 5-6 pages, typed, double-spaced, 12-point font, Times New Roman, 1” margins.
Your essay must include a clear thesis statement, a title, your name, page numbers, and a bibliography in Chicago Style (Links to an external site.). You must use a minimum of 7 sources: the 3 required sources (listed below), 2 additional human geography sources, and 2 credible journalistic sources.
The first draft of your paper is due via Canvas by midnight of the due date (see dates at the top of this document) Incomplete drafts may result in a 25% deduction in your final paper grade.
You must attend your individual writing conference with your TA during Week 6, where you will go through your go through first draft together. Failure to attend can result in a 10% deduction in your final paper grade.
The final version is due via Canvas by midnight of the due date (see dates at the top of this document)
We encourage you to use the resources at the Writing Center: http://www.wisc.edu/writing/
Required Sources Dicken, Peter. 2007. “Chapter 2: The Global Shift: The Changing Global Economic Map” in Global Shift: Mapping the Changing Contours of the World Economy. 5th Ed. New York: Guilford Press.
Farney, Elizabeth. 2016. “Dependency Theory: A Useful Tool for Analyzing Global Inequalities Today?” E-International Relations. https://www.e-ir.info/2016/11/23/dependency-theory-a-useful-tool-for-analyzing-global-inequalities-today/ (Links to an external site.).
Knox, Paul, and Sallie Marston. 2016. “Chapter 7: Geographies of Economic Development.” In Human Geography: Places and Regions in Global Context, 6th ed. London: Pearson. [Note: this is chapter 8 in the 7th edition]
Journalistic SourcesYou must use credible journalistic sources and not just random websites. You will find many useful, well-researched articles in newspapers or magazines through LEXISNEXIS or ProQuest such as (but certainly not limited to):The Guardian
The Wall Street Journal
EVALUATIONYour essay will be broadly evaluated by four criteria:The amount and quality of research, which will be reflected in the kinds of evidence provided to support your arguments, and the sources for that evidence. Make sure to critically evaluate your sources.
The extent to which the essay is organized around a critical argument. You should have a clear thesis that makes an assertive argument, and the entire essay should focus on building a case for the argument stated in your thesis.
The extent to which the arguments you make effectively incorporate geographical analysis and address the appropriate geographic scales.
If it is clearly written, grammatically and linguistically correct, and free of typos.
Requirements: TBD | .doc file
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