Learning Goal: I’m working on a history writing question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.INSTURCTIONS!For focus set one, respond to any two focus questions of your choice from chapters one through six. For example, if you wanted to write on just Colonial Worlds, 1607-1750, select any two questions under that heading.Each response should be 2-4 paragraphs (average, some may require less, some more). As assigned, complete the focus questions and upload your responses to the Assignments dropbox. Specific due dates are in the syllabus and also found on calendar (always defer to the syllabus).All responses must be academic in narrative approach. No use of Wikipedia or any wiki pages allowed. The paper will be cited using Chicago Manual of Style format (footnotes) and be accompanied by a title page and an Annotated Bibliography (not a Works Cited page). See here for more sources to help you familiarize yourself with this method of citation: Student ResourcesCite any images, quotes or paraphrasing using footnotes as found in the Chicago Manual of Style.Any use of Wikipedia or citation style other than Chicago style will result in a F – this is in the syllabus. Need a tutorial in Chicago style? See: Chicago Manual of Style online tutorialCite sources according to the Chicago Manual of Style with footnotes and a bibliography.
If citing the same source in consecutive order, use a shortened version of the source, not Ibid (the 17th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style discourages the use of Ibid, noting that “consecutive references to the same work may omit the source title and simply include the author and page number.” So a consecutive entry would consist of the author’s last name, the year the source was published, and page # (if known).
. Here are examples:1. William Doyle and Oxford University Press, The Oxford History of the French Revolution (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018), p. 223.
2. Doyle, 2018, 229.
You can create a free account for your footnotes and your bibliography with MyBib – https://www.mybib.com
If you use MyBib, make sure that you select Chicago Manual of Style 17th edition (full note) for the correct writing citation
Be sure to include annotations after each source in the bibliography; see: Annotations for History papers. After you review the list, use whichever annotation style works best for you, but I recommend evaluative annotations.
Writing a strong conclusion: conclusion paragraphs
Select any two questions of your choice from the A- L list below. Each response to each question should consist of 2 (min.) – 4 (max.) paragraphs. Focus set one questions (pick any two):A. America in the World: To 1650PICK ANY 2 From this List Focus QuestionsTaking into account the enormous variety among Native American women, what generalizations we can draw about their experiences in the eras before and after European contact?
How did the experiences of Native American women differ in their early contact with the Spanish, French, and English? How the relative absence of women among all the early European colonial endeavours affect Native women’s encounters with them?
What insights does a gendered history of slavery bring to our understanding of the origins of the Atlantic slave trade and early slavery in North America?
The introductory paragraphs and the conclusion of Chapter 1 suggest the multiple meanings of America for different groups of people. How does a consideration of these multiple meanings affect traditional understandings of early “American” history?
B. Colonial Worlds, 1607-1750Focus QuestionsIdentify one specific law or legal contract which distinguished or controlled the lives of each of the following groups of women: enslaved women; white working women in the Chesapeake colonies; Puritan “goodwives”; women in New Netherlands.
Identify one factor for each group of women above that defined or shaped their lives.
How did the inheritance laws for each of these groups of women affect their lives and status?
Describe the slave plantation system. Why did it spread to North America? Why did it take so long for African American families to coalesce under this system?
Compare the Puritan view of women’s place in society with Quaker beliefs. Which religion gave women more place in church and society? Why was that the case?
Which European colonies were the least likely to form marriages with Native Americans or live among them? What were be the reasons that the group did not encourage intermarriage? What considerations led other Europeans to include the Native Americans in both personal interactions and trade?
C. Mothers and Daughters of the Revolution, 1750-1810Focus QuestionsWhat led British colonial women to take a stand on taxation issues before the American Revolution broke out? What steps did they take to make their views known? What did the public press have to say about the contributions of women to tax resistance?
What side did most Native Americans take in the struggle between England and the American colonies? What role, if any, did Native women have in making this decision?
Where did the armies of both sides find room and board? How did this affect American home life during the Revolution?
What price did colonial women pay for sympathizing with the losing side in the Revolution? What price did Native Americans pay?
How were the African slaves treated by the British in the American Revolution?
How did the prolonged absence of men from home, both during and after the Revolution, affect women’s work and ideas about their own rights?
How did policies of the New United States affect the Native American way of life? Compare the effect of these policies on Native women and Native men. What seems to be the most important difference?
Did the new United States constitution give women their liberty? What comments did women make about this at the time? What steps did women start to take to improve their standing in the new United States ?
In what way did the Enlightenment and the Great Awakening encourage ideas of equality?
D. Pedestal, Loom, and Auction Block, 1800-1860Focus QuestionsThe chapter title refers to a pedestal, a loom, and an auction block. Define each term. Explain what each term means about women’s work during the period 1800-1860.
Identify three people who described the ideology of “true womanhood“ in writings or speeches. What did they say the phrase meant? Which group of women seemed to best fit this definition? Who did not fit the definition? In what ways did they not fit the definition?
Define the “women’s domestic sphere.” Define “men’s public sphere.“ In what way did women who worked outside the home seem to violate this idea of spheres? What reasons do you see for separating the sexes in this way?
In what ways did the experience of Lowell Mill Girls fulfill the ideal of “true womanhood”? In what ways was their experience a departure from this ideal? What changes in the market changed their way of life at Lowell? When did this happen, and why?
In what ways did the experience of immigrant women resemble the ideal of “true womanhood”? In what ways did their lives differ?
Why do so many women’s lives seem to be divided between working for money or goods, and home-making during the period 1800-1860?
E. Shifting Boundaries: Expansion, Reform, and Civil War, 1840-1865Focus QuestionsWhat were the duties of pioneering women on the trail west? What losses did they suffer to settle in the West?
What impact did the arrival of American settlers from the East have on Mexican and Native American women?
Did the settlers bring greater freedom and opportunity for women as whole? Which group of women benefited the most from migration? Who lost the most?
Describe the conditions under which prostitutes earned their living.
Why did middle-class women organize to expand “woman’s sphere?” What were the motivations behind the organization of female reform societies?
In what different ways did communitarian societies and religious sects seek to alter the sexual expectations of mainstream marriage?
Describe the roadblocks women faced when they joined the abolitionist movement. What did they do to overcome these obstacles?
What were the connections between the women’s rights movement and the abolitionists?
Why was the Seneca Falls Convention of 1848 held? What was the outcome of the convention?
Describe the various relief organizations founded by or run by women during the Civil War
Focus set two questions (pick any two):F. Reconstructing Women’s Lives North and South, 1865-1900Focus QuestionsDescribe the circumstances behind the founding of the American Women’s Suffrage Association (AWSA) and the National Women’s Suffrage Association (NWSA). What were differences between the tactics and ideologies of the two groups?
Describe the difficulties faced by black women who worked for wages in the homes of white families.
What difficulties did white and immigrant women face when they sought to join labor unions?
What was the sweating system? What made the system so difficult for garment workers?
Identify three women activists mentioned in the text, and explain what circumstances led them to become activists.
G. Women in an Expanding Nation: Consolidation of the West, Mass Immigration, and the Crisis of the 1890sFocus QuestionsWhat role did women play in the formation of alliances, unions, and political parties in the West?
Describe some of the most important services that settlement houses and unions provided for poor immigrant newcomers to America’s urban centers.
Describe how African Americans, particularly women, responded to thieir exclusion from associations established to help others in need.
What steps did Florence Kelley take to ban child labor? Who opposed her efforts? To what extent was she successful?
Describe the relationship between women’s overseas missions, and the government’s overseas expansion for trade.
H. Power and Politics: Women in the Progressive Era, 1900-1920Focus QuestionsWhat was the Women’s Trade Union League, and why did women organize a union separately from the larger unions led by men? To what does the phrase “The Rising of the Women” refer?
Define maternalism. What in particular distinguished maternalism from the larger Progressive movement?
How did Progressive white women treat African Americans? How did the African American women respond to this?
What difference did the passage of women’s suffrage in New York make to the national woman’s suffrage movement?
How do the feminists of the early twentieth century compare to the older generations of women reformers in the mid- to late-nineteenth century? Identify one way in which the new feminists differed from the old reformers, and one way in which they seemed to complement each other.
What steps did pacifist women take to try to avoid World War I?
I. Change and Continuity: Women in Prosperity, Depression, and War, 1920-1945Focus QuestionsIdentify two political trends that slowed down progress toward equality for women in the 1920s. What kind of work saved the women’s movement during these years?
In what ways did women provide financial support in families whose male head had lost jobs or homes during the Great Depression?
In what ways did Roosevelt’s New Deal discriminate against women? What steps, if any, did The Girls of Atomic City take to redress this bias against women?
Did the New Deal discriminate against African Americans? If it did, provide an example of this discrimination and explain why it happened. What agencies or groups helped African Americans at this time?
How did working women’s lives change during World War II? To what extent were barriers based on race and gender broken down? To what extent did they remain intact?
J. Beyond the Feminine Mystique: Women’s Lives, 1945-1965Focus QuestionsWhat changes in government policy made American families more prosperous after World War II?
To what extent did African Americans share in post-war prosperity?
Why did women’s organizations devoted to civic improvement steer away from equal rights in the 1950s and toward education and community service?
Identify three organizations that were “red-baited” during the 1950s. To what extent did women suffer from this treatment?
What role did women take in the civil rights movement during the 1950s? Did Fannie Lou Hamer and SNCC have a different leadership style because women were in charge, or were there other influences at work?
Why did President Kennedy ask for a review of women’s status at the beginning of the 1960s? What were the most important recommendations he received from the President’s Commission on the Status of Women?
K. Modern Feminism and American Society, 1965-1980Focus QuestionsDefine liberal feminism. In what ways did NOW fit the description of liberal feminism?
Describe the experiences of both black and white women within SNCC and SDS and explain what women did in reaction to these experiences.
Describe the activities and significance of Women Strike for Peace.
What is women’s liberation and how does it differ from liberal feminism?
How did women from minority groups respond to the women’s movement of the 1960s and 1970s?
Explain the origins of the Equal Employment Opportunities Commission (EEOC) and assess its impact on women’s work lives.
Describe the various facets of the fight for bodily autonomy among groups of women in the 1960s and 1970s.
In what ways did the goals of feminism of the 1960s and 1970s become part of mainstream American life?
L. U.S. Women in a Global Age, 1980-PresentFocus QuestionsWhy did Phyllis Schlafly launch a campaign against the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)?
Explain the origins and tactics of the pro-life movement in the 1970s and 1980s.
Describe the advances made by women in politics since the Thomas-Hill hearings in 1991. What impact, if any, did the hearings have on women in politics and on politics in general?
Requirements: 8 Paragraphs | .doc file
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